Do you know where your waste—leftover food, coffee cups, snack wrappers, and discarded meeting papers—goes?
In Indonesia, 69 per cent of the waste goes to landfills, where waste is piled up to a certain height (Damanhuri, E, 2018). In Jakarta, the height of the waste in Bantar Gebang landfill is already at 30 metres, which equals the height of the Dirgantara Monument (‘Tugu Pancoran’) in South Jakarta (jktbebassampah.com). Other than landfills, some of your waste might leak into the water system and end up in the ocean. Research from the US mentioned Indonesia as the world’s second-biggest plastic polluter to the ocean (sciencemag.com). In Bali, the polluted beaches and water have made the island declared ‘garbage emergency’ last year (news.com.au). The tourism industry, which takes 80 per cent of the island’s economy, is now under a threat (downtoearth.com).
Improving waste management budget is probably one of the first solutions to Indonesia’s waste challenge. According to a World Bank report in 2015, the waste management budget for lower-middle-income countries like Indonesia should be around USD 40-120/tonne (uncclearn.org). This includes the collection, sorting, treatment, and disposal fee. Based on the waste generated in 2017 in Jakarta, Waste4Change calculated that to be responsible for its waste, the city needs to budget USD 75/tonne at a minimum (IDR 1,062.5/kg, source from Waste4Change JKT Waste Economic 2017 document. 1 USD = IDR 14,168). Unfortunately, Jakarta’s budget in 2017 was only USD 42/tonne (IDR 595/kg, source from Waste4Change JKT Waste Economic 2017 document. Clearly, there is a USD 33 gap that needs to be improved if we want our waste to be managed properly.
So here is the question - if the budget is there, what needs to be improved to manage our waste better? It is important to implement the source-separated waste sorting system. Each material should have a different end-of-life treatment. Some of it goes to organic treatment like composting or bioconversion to protein (BSF method), some others to the recycling industry, and the rest goes to final treatment (energy recovery or landfilling). If we mix all the waste, we decrease the value of the waste to be recovered, because one material might already be contaminated with the others. Therefore, the implementation of the waste sorting system is crucial.
Waste4Change provides services that will help your business to invest in waste management and be responsible for your waste through sorting and recycling. Extended Producer Responsibility service from Waste4Change helps businesses with a brand-labeled product to manage the sorting and recycling of their brand-labeled product waste. Your investment through Waste4Change’s Extended Producer Responsibility service will not only contribute to preventing the environmental damage in Indonesia but also will avoid misuse, imitation, and forge of your brand-labeled product waste.
So, are you ready to invest in a better waste management? If you are in, Waste4Change is always ready to help you out.